Both land access and security of tenure are important for firm establishment and growth and for local economic development. All businesses require land to operate, whether for manufacturing facilities, shop space or offices. But the ease of land access depends on the supply and demand in the market as well as on government decisions. In developing countries where governments likely remain the biggest land owners, their decisions directly influence the success of firms’ land acquisition efforts. Leasing is a common way to acquire land for business. When a firm acquires a lease, its assurance of secure tenure is important. Without security, firms face higher risk and will have less motivation to expand.

The Access to Land/Security of Tenure Sub-index aims to measure the formal rights to business premises and the perceived security of tenure once land is properly acquired.

The higher overall index score along with the individual scores for sub-indices always refer to a better performance within the context of the BEI.

In partnership with:

The Malaysia Business Environment Index (2012) is the result of the collaborative efforts of many individuals. The authors of the report were Dr. Jane Terpstra Tong (Monash University Sunway Campus), Nina Merchant-Vega (The Asia Foundation) and Dr. Robert Terpstra (Monash University Sunway Campus). Expert technical advice was provided by Dr. Edmund Malesky (University of California, San Diego). Valuable comments and support were provided by Anthea Mulakala, Reid Hamel, Herizal Hazri, Dr. Yeah Kim Leng, Kristina Fong, Jason Fong, and Munsifah Abdul Latiff. Research assistance was provided by Koh Jen Li, Peg-Gy, and Collin Gerst.

The survey data visualization project "Business Environment Index: Malaysia" was led by John Karr, Director for Digital Media at The Asia Foundation. Steve Ubiera, Production and Systems Administrator for The Asia Foundation served as the project manager and data visualization designer. Site development was conducted by William Wang and Johan Baversjo.